WHAT IS NONWOVEN? WHAT IS THE APPLICATION OF NON-WOVEN FABRICS?
The current fabric market is very vibrant and rich, the old and improved fabrics are growing and new fabrics are racing. In addition, there were a number of former fabrics dedicated to specific industries that are also being applied a lot in practice to make people’s belongings. One of the most interested fabrics is that NON-WOVEN FABRIC but information about this fabric is still not popular. Therefore, Nam Cuong Joint Stock Company, a subsidiary of Quoc Anh and Anh Duc Packaging Co., Ltd. will provide all information about non-woven fabric that you should know.
What is Non-woven Fabric?
Non-woven fabric is the term used in the textile industry to denote fabrics created not by weaving or knitting. Some nonwoven materials are not strong enough unless reinforced or reinforced by the lining. In recent years, nonwovens have become substitutes for polyurethane foam.
Nonwoven fabrics are made of short fibers (short) and long fibers (long continuous), bonded together by chemical, mechanical, thermal or solvent treatment.
This fabric was born as a non-woven fabric because it did not undergo the process of weaving like other normal fabrics.
The origin of non-woven fabric
According to some documents, nonwoven fabrics are accidentally created by travelers traveling through the desert. For fear of pain in the feet, they put a tuft of wool on the slippers to avoid pain. After that, the fibers are woven, put together to form a fabric structure due to pressure from the feet, moisture and high temperature in the air.
In the nineteenth century, England was a leading country in textile production. During the textile process, a large amount of fiber is wasted during cutting. This was discovered by Garnett textile engineer. Since then, he has invented a special device for cutting fibrous excess into fibers, using it to make bowel pillows. Garnett learned and improved them by sticking them together with glue.
That is the precursor to many popular non-woven fabrics today.
Characteristics of non-woven fabric
Nonwoven fabrics have a different trait than conventional fabrics, which are evident in its name. Nonwoven fabrics formed on the basis of using the thermal effects of modern machinery or solvents to bond, linking the fibers separately to each other without weaving.
Friendly with people and environment
The safety and friendliness of nonwoven products with humans and the environment is reflected in its practical application. Non-woven fabrics are trusted and used to make products that require high safety such as masks, tea bags, wearable bags, sanitary pads, baby diapers, wet towels, face towels, towels and many other items …
The items are often in contact with human skin, especially facial skin needs safety and high friendliness, and easy to decompose after use. Non-woven fabrics that are trusted and used to make these products have proven its friendliness and humanity.
This feature is the superiority of Polypropylene – color consistency. This is a special material, while not being produced through the normal process of weaving and dyeing fabric, so color is the biggest concern of everyone. Everyone is worried that the finished fabric makes the color uneven, the spot is dark and bold. However, that did not happen, but the color consistency of nonwoven fabrics was superior to other fabrics and became a strong point of this fabric.
To check the color uniformity of the fabric with the naked eye, the easiest way is to place the fabric where there is good light, where there is a sun, you will be able to see different brightness on the fabric surface.
Allow printing on the surface
In addition to outstanding features, non-woven fabric also has the same characteristics as conventional fabrics, which allow printing on the fabric surface. Widely used in life, printing on the fabric surface is inevitable. Depending on the business model, the needs of users that need to print images, different words.
However, printing on nonwoven cloth bags is more demanding than conventional fabrics. The essential requirement for non-woven bag manufacturing companies is that they must have professional handling skills with non-woven fabrics to ensure the coverage of ink, ink thickness, and color reasonably when printing on the surface. The fabric creates natural images with the most beautiful and standard colors and designs, paying special attention to the type of products that need to be printed in multiple colors.
Advantages and disadvantages of non-woven fabric
Non-woven fabric is popular and widely used because it possesses many preeminent features.
High strength, good bearing
Non-woven fabrics have very high durability,
This is a great advantage of non-woven fabric. It is friendly, safe for people and the environment and easily decomposes in the natural environment.
Non-woven fabric has a much cheaper price compared to other materials with similar uses such as paper, canvas, textile …
Easy to print
Non-woven fabric is easy to print and does not fade. It is used as a means of promoting very effectively.
Life is not high
The lifespan of nonwoven fabrics is not high due to its good absorbent properties and easy decomposition in its natural environment.
Storage is not good
Nonwoven fabrics are less durable and are more susceptible to changes in properties when exposed to water.
Application of nonwoven fabrics
Currently nonwoven fabrics are used in many different areas of life such as:
In the field of agriculture
Nonwoven fabrics are used to produce fabrics that protect insects, bacteria and insects from many different crops, producing plastic sheets for seeding.
Non-woven fabric is a raw material for sewing isolation clothing, surgical gowns, masks, socks, diapers for babies, antibacterial blankets, dialysis or artificial skin.
Trog field of garment
Nonwoven fabrics are used to create the following products:
Garments such as underwear, shirts, lining, padded pads, performance apparel, shoe soles or shoe insoles.
Types of bags such as supermarket bags, tablecloths, advertising bags, environmental protection product bags, …
Labor protection field
This is also the field of popular application of nonwoven fabrics. This fabric can produce products such as workwear, protective items such as work gloves, dust and smoke protection masks, or safety shoes.
For products that require good and discreet storage, do not use nonwoven fabrics because it is not suitable and will not preserve these products well. The reason comes from the fabric structure with breathable holes.
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